Ni Guangnan: Promote the implementation of the “14th Five-Year Plan” and take scientific and technological self-reliance as a strategic support for national development

The Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China kicked off a new journey of building a modern socialist country in an all-round way and sounded the clarion call for marching toward the goal of the second century of struggle. In the field of cybersecurity and informatization, the guidelines of the Fifth Plenary Session of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China should be effectively implemented, innovation should be maintained at the core of my country’s socialist modernization drive, and scientific and technological self-reliance should be regarded as the country’s strategic support.

1. Deeply understand the connotation of “Science and Technology Self-reliance and Self-reliance”

Since the ZTE and Huawei incidents, driven by unilateralism and bullying, the United States has stepped up its “decoupling of science and technology” from China. No matter how the situation of China and the United States’ decoupling of science and technology evolves in the future, we should not have unrealistic illusions. Instead, we should work hard to reshape the new Chinese science and technology ecology and give full play to the national system and technological innovation. This is the key to achieving “science and technology independence and self-reliance”, so as to promote the development of China’s science and technology to a higher level.

(1) Self-reliance and self-reliance of science and technology means to increase the proportion of original innovation

Innovation can generally be divided into three categories: original innovation, integrated innovation, and introduction, digestion, absorption and re-innovation. Most of the innovations in the field of cyberspace in my country fall into the latter two categories, and there is still a lack of original innovations. With the increasing economic strength and technological level of our country and the evolution of the “technological decoupling” between China and the United States, we should shift the focus of innovation to original innovation.

In the past, many software such as operating systems in our country mainly relied on open source software, which was correct and fruitful. However, relying on open source does not mean that original innovation can be ignored. In order to truly master the core technology, Chinese software workers should develop from open source users to participants, and then to contributors. Moreover, only by making more original innovations can they increase their voice in the open source community.

However, there are still many occasions where open source software is not available, and original innovation is even more important. In the software field, my country already has some relatively mature operating systems for the Internet of Things or industrial control fields, which are mainly based on their own codes rather than using open source codes. Some of their own codes also adopt an open source model to become open source software. In such open source software, Chinese enterprises will have sufficient voice and even the dominant power. Therefore, increasing the proportion of original innovation will be an important manifestation of “science and technology self-reliance.”

(2) Self-reliance and self-reliance of science and technology means strengthening the construction of the “Chinese system”

In the information field, many technologies often constitute a system and are supported by the ecosystem, and the role of the technical system is far greater than the role of individual technologies, products, and services. For many years, the desktop computer field has been monopolized by the Wintel system (that is, the system based on Microsoft’s Windows operating system and Intel’s Intel architecture CPU), and the high-end transaction processing field has been monopolized by the IOE system (that is, based on IBM or Intel’s hardware, Oracle The company’s database software and EMC and other companies’ storage device systems), and so on. To break their monopoly, one cannot rely solely on the development of individual hardware or software, but on the development of the corresponding “Chinese system.”

The technological system needs the support of the ecosystem. Therefore, the construction of the “Chinese system” must increase R&D efforts and market-oriented guidance. Providing market support is the key to the success of the “Chinese system”. In summary, intensifying the construction of the “Chinese system” is another important manifestation of “science and technology self-reliance and self-reliance.”

(3) Self-reliance and self-reliance of science and technology also means to stretch the long board and make up for the short board

my country currently has certain advantages in the fields of 5G technology and networks, power equipment, new energy, and communication equipment. To stretch the board means to consolidate and enhance the international leading position, improve the quality of the industry, tighten the dependence of the international industrial chain on my country, and form a powerful countermeasure and deterrence ability for foreign parties to artificially cut off the supply. At the same time, my country has to speed up its pace to make up for its shortcomings. The US’s technology sanctions against China are all based on our shortcomings.

Under the normal international trade order, any country, including China, does not necessarily need to own every link in the industrial chain. However, the current variability of the external environment makes any shortcomings in the important links of China’s industrial chain likely to be stuck and need to be filled as soon as possible. Only in this way can the initiative of innovation be firmly held in their own hands, so as to achieve the goal of building a powerful country in science and technology. From this it can be seen that stretching the long board and filling up the short board to avoid being controlled by others should also be an important manifestation of “technology self-reliance and self-reliance.”

(4) Cyber ​​security escorts technological self-reliance and self-reliance

In the current major international changes, the cyberspace industry is a high ground for global technological innovation. The level of cybersecurity and informatization of a country determines to a large extent the level of national security and the technology industry. In recent years, in the informatization work of some important fields, a “multi-dimensional evaluation” system including independent and controllable evaluation, quality evaluation and safety evaluation has been formed. In the future, this evaluation system will continue to develop and improve, covering more software and hardware products and services, which should be another important manifestation of ensuring “science and technology self-reliance”.

2. A higher level of self-reliance is still the need of the times

In October 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out during an inspection tour in Guangdong: “Enterprises want to develop, industries want to upgrade, and the economy wants high-quality development. We must rely on independent innovation. Now we are experiencing major changes unseen in a century, and we must go higher. The level of self-reliance.”

We resolutely resist the US’s intensified implementation of China’s “decoupling of science and technology” to go against the historical trend and cause serious harm to the world. It should be pointed out that this kind of “decoupling” is entirely imposed on China by the US and cannot be controlled by our subjective wishes. Of course, we will never succumb to hegemony, or sacrifice our national interests and sovereignty or slow down our progress.

Practice has repeatedly told us that key core technologies are not available, not bought, and not available for purchase. Today, the issue of China-US decoupling of science and technology has become prominent. In a sense, it is inevitable. This is both a challenge and an opportunity for China. This “decoupling” will cause damage to my country’s technology and industry within a period of time, but at the same time it will force China to take the path of self-reliance, and will eventually promote the development of China’s technology to a higher level.

It is under this situation that General Secretary Xi Jinping issued instructions to take a higher level of self-reliance, and pointed out the direction for dealing with the current situation. This instruction affirmed the line of independent innovation and self-reliance that our party has consistently adhered to, and called for raising this line to a higher level under the new situation. In short, in the face of major changes unseen in a century, we must follow a higher level of independent innovation and self-reliance, overcome obstacles, forge ahead, realize the “two centenary” goals, and realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. .

3. “New infrastructure” provides support for the development of a new generation of information technology

“New Infrastructure” was included in the 2020 “Government Work Report” for the first time. It can be seen from the communiqué of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Party that in the next five years, “new infrastructure” will become the focus. The communiqué pointed out: “We must unswervingly build a manufacturing power, a quality power, a network power, and a digital China, and advance the advanced industrial foundation and modernization of the industrial chain.” It is expected that my country will continue to vigorously develop the high-end equipment manufacturing industry during the “14th Five-Year Plan” period. , And at the same time continue to make efforts in the current leading 5G and artificial intelligence fields to accelerate the construction of Digital China. The communiqué pointed out: “To improve the modernization level of the industrial chain supply chain”, “Develop strategic emerging industries”, “Accelerate the development of modern service industry”, “Promote overall infrastructure construction”, and “Accelerate the construction of a powerful transportation country.” Based on this, it is expected that the fields of “new infrastructure”, new energy and rail transit will also usher in development opportunities.

The “new infrastructure” provides good support for the development of China’s new generation of information technology. If it enters the virtuous circle of “new infrastructure”, my country’s information technology can develop faster. A very important point in the development of “new infrastructure” is related to the new generation of information technology. Compared with traditional industries, China has relatively fewer restrictions in this regard. The development of new technology industries such as 5G, artificial intelligence, and cloud computing must be integrated with the market and make good use of this market. Only when the development of “new infrastructure” and the development of new technology form a strong competitiveness, can we enter the international market and compete with multinational companies.

The issuance of the “Network Security Review Measures” has established the correct direction for the development of “new infrastructure” to ensure network security. Cybersecurity review adheres to the combination of preventing cybersecurity risks and promoting the application of advanced technology, the combination of fairness and transparency in the process with the protection of intellectual property rights, the combination of prior review and continuous supervision, and the combination of corporate commitments and social supervision. The national security risks and other aspects brought about by the review. Since independence and controllability is a necessary condition for network security, the “autonomous and controllable evaluation” that has been implemented and achieved results in related fields can be used as a reference for the “Cyber ​​Security Review Measures”. The Review Measures provide help.

“New infrastructure” has great potential in promoting the development of the digital economy and can effectively promote the digital transformation of enterprises. For the new challenges that may be encountered in the development of “new infrastructure”, how companies can effectively manage user privacy and protect information security in the future has also become a new topic. Although the new crown pneumonia epidemic has brought a crisis to global economic and social development, due to effective prevention and control, China’s pace of resuming work and production is relatively fast. This is a window of opportunity for related companies in the “new infrastructure” industry in my country. Relevant industries must seize the opportunity and strive to go faster and better.

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