National Policy Framework in the Field of International Information Security of the Russian Federation

On April 12, 2021, the President of the Russian Federation approved and promulgated the “Russian Federation National Policy Framework in the Field of International Information Security.” This document is a strategic planning document in the field of Russia’s national security assurance, which aims to protect Russia’s national interests in the field of international information security. The document detailed the “Russian Federation National Security Strategy” (2015), “Russian Federation Information Security Doctrine” (2016), “Russian Federation Foreign Policy Conception” (2016) and some provisions in other Russian strategic planning documents , Expounds the nature of international information security and the main threats Russia faces in the field of international information security, and clarifies the goals and tasks of Russia’s national policy in the field of international information security, and the main directions and mechanisms for implementing national policies in the field of international information security. Compared with the “National Policy Framework of the Russian Federation in the Field of International Information Security Before 2020” promulgated by Russia in 2013, this document expounds many new positions and viewpoints based on the new international information security situation and national security interests. The full text of the document is now compiled as follows:

1. General

1. This framework is a strategic planning document of the Russian Federation, which reflects the Russian Federation’s official views on the nature of international information security, and identifies the main threats to international information security and the Russian Federation’s national policies in the field of international information security (hereinafter referred to as “national information security” Policy) objectives, tasks and main directions.

2. The national policy in the field of international information security is the sum of a series of measures aimed at establishing an international information security guarantee system in accordance with the national interests of the Russian Federation.

3. The legal basis of this framework includes the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Russian Federation’s international treaties on cooperation in the field of international information security, the Federal Law and other normative legal documents of the Russian Federation.

4. This framework refines certain provisions in the “Russian Federation National Security Strategy”, “Russian Federation Information Security Doctrine”, “Russian Federation Foreign Policy Conception” and other strategic planning documents.

5. This framework aims to:

(1) Promote the pace of Russia’s establishment of an international information security system internationally and Russia’s initiatives in the field of international information security;

(2) Promote the creation of an international legal mechanism to prevent (resolve) conflicts between countries in the global information space;

(3) Organize cross-departmental cooperation in the implementation of national policies in the field of international information security.

2. The nature of international information security and the main threats to international information security

6. International information security is a state of the global information space, that is, maintaining international peace, security and stability on the basis of recognized international laws, regulations and principles and under the conditions of equal partnership.

7. The international information security system is the sum of international and national mechanisms aimed at preventing (minimizing) international information security threats and regulating global information space activities.

8. The main threats to international information security are:

(1) The use of information-communication technology in military-political fields and other fields to damage (infringe) sovereignty, destroy national territorial integrity, and perform other actions in the global information space that hinder the maintenance of international peace, security and stability;

(2) The use of information-communication technology for terrorist purposes, including terrorist activities that propagate terrorism and attract new supporters;

(3) Use information-communication technology for extremist purposes and interfere in the internal affairs of sovereign countries;

(4) The use of information-communication technology for criminal purposes, including crimes and various frauds in the field of computer information;

(5) Use information-communication technology to carry out computer attacks on national information resources (including critical information infrastructure);

(6) Individual countries take advantage of global information space technology to monopolize the information-communication technology market, restrict other countries’ access to advanced information-communication technology, and strengthen the technological dependence and information inequality of these countries in the field of national informatization.

3. Goals and tasks of national policies in the field of international information security

9. The goal of national policies in the field of international information security is to promote the establishment of international legal mechanisms, create conditions for the prevention (solution) of conflicts between countries in the global information space, and establish an international information security guarantee system in accordance with the national interests of the Russian Federation.

10. National policy goals in the field of international information security are achieved by solving the tasks of cooperation and development between the Russian Federation and other countries at the global, regional, multilateral and bilateral levels on the establishment of an international information security assurance system, as well as responding to major threats to international information security.

4. Main directions for implementing national policies in the field of international information security

11. In the development of global, regional, multilateral and bilateral cooperation on the establishment of an international information security system between the Russian Federation and other countries, the main directions of national policies in the field of international information security are:

(1) Create conditions for UN member states to pass the “International Information Security Guarantee Convention”;

(2) Promote a regular dialogue mechanism on the safe use of information-communication technology in which all member states participate under the leadership of the United Nations, and ensure the democratic, inclusive and transparent dialogue process;

(3 Consider the particularity of information-communication technology, and promote the establishment of international legal norms and new principles of international law that regulate the behavior of countries in the global information space;

(4) Reach and implement bilateral and multilateral agreements of the nature of international law on cooperation between the Russian Federation and other countries on international information security guarantees;

(5) Regularly hold bilateral and multilateral expert consultations, and negotiate international information security guarantees with CIS member countries, BRICS countries, Collective Security Organization member countries, SCO, ASEAN, “G20”, other countries and international organizations The position of the field and the main direction of cooperation;

(6) Organize international conferences and seminars on international information security issues;

(7) Adopt organization and organization measures aimed at creating (strengthening) the federal executive authority to participate in the implementation of the national policies in the field of international information security, and improve the coordination and cooperation activities of the federal executive authority in this field;

(8) Improve the scientific research, analysis and scientific method guarantee mechanism of the Russian scientific community and expert group representatives to participate in the promotion of the Russian Federation to establish an international information security guarantee system;

(9) Promote the participation of national standards of the Russian Federation in the field of information security in international and regional standardization cooperation, and promote their inclusion in international, regional and inter-national standards.

12. In confronting the threats of using information-communication technology to damage (infringe) sovereignty, undermine national territorial integrity, and other acts that hinder world peace, security and stability in the global information space, the main directions of national policies in the field of international information security are:

(1) Develop cooperation with other countries to prevent (resolve) conflicts between countries in the global information space;

(2) Promote the development and establishment of international information security regional guarantee systems based on recognized international law norms and principles that take into account the characteristics of information-communication technology and new international law norms and principles aimed at preventing (resolving) international conflicts in the global information space Global information security assurance system;

(3) Develop confidence measures at the global, regional, multilateral and bilateral levels to counter actions that threaten world peace, security and stability implemented in the global information space using information-communication technology;

(4) Develop the negotiation process and increase cooperation with other countries to cope with the use of information-communication technology to damage (infringe) sovereignty, destroy national territorial integrity, and other threats and challenges that affect world peace, security and stability implemented in the global information space efficient;

(5) Promote the improvement of the norms and principles of international humanitarian law applicable to the field of information-communication technology and taking into account the particularities of information-communication technology under the auspices of the United Nations.

13. In establishing an international cooperation mechanism against the use of information-communication technology for terrorist purposes, the main directions of national policies in the field of international information security are:

(1) Develop cooperation with law enforcement agencies, intelligence agencies and international organizations of other countries to combat the use of information-communication technology for terrorist purposes and the use of the “Internet” and other information-communication networks to promote terrorism and attract new supporters Terrorist activity;

(2) Promote the formulation of comprehensive measures against the use of information-communication technology for terrorist purposes among nations;

(3) Improve the information exchange mechanism on the fact that information-communication technology is used for terrorist purposes at the global, regional, multilateral and bilateral levels, and improve the efficiency of cooperation between authorized state agencies.

14. In creating conditions to counter the threat of using information-communication technology for extremist purposes and interfering in the internal affairs of sovereign states, the main directions of national policies in the field of international information security are:

(1) Promote the formulation and implementation of comprehensive measures at the global, regional, multilateral and bilateral levels to counter the threat of using information-communication technology for extremism;

(2) Develop cooperation with law enforcement agencies, intelligence agencies, and international organizations fighting extremism in other countries to counter the threat of using information-communication technology for extremism;

(3) Promote the creation of an effective international monitoring mechanism for the use of information-communication technology to prevent the use of information-communication technology for extremist purposes and interference in the internal affairs of sovereign countries;

(4) Promote the formulation of an international information exchange system related to the proliferation of materials from banned extremist organizations and other information products containing materials from banned extremist organizations.

15. In improving the efficiency of international cooperation against the use of information-communication technology for criminal purposes and creating corresponding international law mechanisms, the main directions of national policies in the field of international information security are:

(1) Promote the formulation of the “International Convention against the Use of Information-Communication Technologies for Criminal Purposes” drafted by the Intergovernmental Committee of Open Member Experts, and create conditions for the subsequent ratification of the Convention by UN Member States;

(2) Develop cooperation with the CIS member states, the BRICS countries, the Collective Organization member states, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, ASEAN, the “Group of 20”, other countries and international organizations to combat the use of information-communication technology in crime Threat of purpose;

(3) Improve the efficiency of information exchange by law enforcement agencies of various countries in investigating crimes in the field of computer information and fraud using information-communication technology;

(4) Improve the investigation methods of crimes in the field of computer information and information-communication technology fraud and the information exchange mechanism for criminal litigation practices of such crimes;

(5) Organize international conferences and seminars on combating the use of information-communication technology for criminal purposes.

16. In improving international cooperation to counter the use of information-communication technology to implement computer attack threats and computer incident response to national information resources (including critical information infrastructure), the main directions of national policies in the field of international information security are:

(1) Develop cooperation with other countries, international organizations, international non-governmental organizations and computer incident response agencies, formulate computer incident information exchange mechanisms, and improve the efficiency of cooperation with authorized institutions;

(2) Development and monitoring and early warning of national information resources (including critical information infrastructure) in response to computer incidents, computer attacks and national information resources (including critical information infrastructure) Cooperation in the field of consequence elimination;

(3) Promote the establishment of effective international cooperation mechanisms at the global, regional, multilateral and bilateral levels aimed at preventing computer attacks against national information resources (including critical information infrastructure);

(4) Promote the establishment of a global, regional, multilateral and bilateral level of computer attack national information resources (including critical information infrastructure) monitoring, early warning and consequence elimination bodies, as well as advanced experience in computer incident response information exchange system;

(5) Improve the cooperation between the National Computer Incident Coordination Center and other national authorized agencies, international organizations, international non-governmental organizations and other computer incident response agencies on computer attack monitoring, early warning and consequence elimination, and computer incident response.

17. In creating conditions to guarantee national technological sovereignty in the field of information-communication technology and eliminate information inequality between developed and developing countries, the main directions of national policies in the field of international information security are:

(1) Create conditions against individual countries’ use of technological advantages to monopolize various information-communication technology markets (including basic information resources, key information infrastructure and key technologies, products and services);

(2) Ensure the safe, stable operation and development of the information-telecommunications network “Internet” on the basis of equal participation by all countries in the international community, and enhance the management role of the International Telecommunication Union in it;

(3) Ensure that all countries have equal access to the latest information and communication technologies, and prevent technological dependence and information inequality in the field of information technology;

(4) Promote the formulation and implementation of international projects aimed at eliminating information inequality between developed and developing countries at the global, regional, multilateral and bilateral levels;

(5) Promote the development of national information infrastructure and equal participation of all countries in the creation and utilization of modern global information networks and information systems (including the reform of global communication network operating agreements);

(6) Ensure equal rights for domestic commercial organizations (product service providers) in the field of information-communication technology and information security;

(7) Improve the efficiency of public-private partnerships in the field of information security, and promote domestic commercial institutions (product service providers) to participate in international cooperation in the field of information security in order to consolidate the information security of the Russian Federation and establish an international information security guarantee system.

5. National policy implementation mechanism in the field of international information security

18. The working organization of the Russian Federation Security Conference is responsible for formulating, improving and implementing the drafting proposals for the State policy in the field of international information security for the President of the Russian Federation, and supervising the Federal Executive Authority to implement the coordination of activities of the President of the Russian Federation and the Security Conference of the Russian Federation in the field of international information security. The decision to organize and coordinate the federal executive authority to implement national policies in the field of international information security.

19. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation participates in the main direction of the federal executive authority to jointly formulate and implement national policies in the field of international information security, and coordinate the activities of the federal executive authority to implement prescribed policies and implement other powers in the field of international information security.

20. Other federal executive authorities and organizations implement national policies in the field of international information security based on public-private partnerships and their respective powers.

The Links:   LB040Q02-TD01 LQ065T5AR01

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