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Text/Qian Ming Li Gen
Source: Qubit (ID: QbitAI)
Just now, giant crocodile players have arrived in the 5G field:
Alibaba, officially announced its entry into 5G, made it clear that it will further accelerate technology research and development, and it will also formulate relevant standards.
Carrying the flag is the Dharma Academy that Jack Ma has high hopes for-the establishment of the XG laboratory to promote the research of next-generation network communication technology.
In the official announcement, the DAMO Academy clearly disclosed 6 areas where 5G business rates are advanced, namely ultra-high-definition video, online office, AR/VR, industrial Internet, intelligent logistics, and autonomous driving.
These are all directly related to the hot new infrastructure in the current macro economy. Ali Dharma Academy also clearly sends a signal: Facing the future, “new infrastructure” will inevitably be built on the basis of 5G.
So although Ali entered 5G, his voice was sudden, but it was not unexpected.
It’s just on this battlefield that Ali will no longer face Baidu and Tencent. Huawei, which is more tenacious and tough, already has millions of soldiers.
How does Ali engage in 5G: breakthrough points, power points, and leaders
According to Dharma Academy, XG Lab mainly focuses on the collaborative research and development of 5G technology and applications, with the core focus on the technology and ecology of the 5G application layer.
The core breakthrough point is the video codec technology, network transmission protocol, etc. in the 5G era, and the formulation of related standards.
Alibaba Dharma Institute stated that video is one of the most typical scenarios for utilizing the characteristics of 5G networks, but how to better adapt to 5G networks for current ultra-high-definition video applications needs to solve the problem of video coding and decoding technology under 5G networks.
As the basic traditional TCP protocol, it can no longer fully support application requirements under 5G conditions, and it needs to break through technical difficulties for optimization or customization. These 5G technical problems have greatly hindered the development of 5G applications and have become the current research focus of XG Labs.
Alibaba’s entry into 5G lies in cloud computing.
Ali said that in the past ten years, Ali’s deployment and large-scale application of key technologies in cloud computing networks, including high-performance networks, self-developed switches, intent-driven networks, programmable networks, traffic scheduling, etc., will provide XG Labs Provide technical reserves.
At the same time, Alibaba Cloud’s global cloud data centers, cloud networks, and edge nodes will also provide 5G terminal equipment with computing and storage resources to provide conditions for the landing of 5G applications.
The leader of the entry into 5G is Zhang Ming, a researcher at Ali Dharma Academy and head of Alibaba Cloud Intelligent Network Automation and Research. He will serve as the director of the XG Lab of Dharma Academy.
Ming Zhang graduated from Nanjing University with a bachelor’s degree in 1999 and received his Ph.D. from Princeton University in 2005. After graduation, I worked in Microsoft Research for 10 years and 5 months. Joined Ali in February 2016.
His research fields include data center networks, edge networks and 4G/5G mobile networks. He holds 16 US patents and has published many influential papers in internationally renowned conferences and journals.
In addition, the core members of the laboratory also include IEEE senior member and researcher Ye Yan of Ali Dharma Academy. She has participated in the development of 3rd generation video codec standards and the development of immersive video and streaming media standards.
Ali engages in 5G, aiming at new infrastructure
You may also be wondering, why does Ali enter 5G this way at this time?
Accident? Not surprisingly.
The reason for the suddenness is that the first-mover battle for 5G, historical advantages and initiative, are not in Ali.
Earlier, the core players of 5G dominance were Huawei and Qualcomm, and the center of the battle for territories were communications operators and mobile phone manufacturers.
From the formulation of the 3GPP standard to the first application of mobile communications, they have already broken their blood, and even the semiconductor giant Intel can’t compete with it.
However, for the 5G revolution, the current greater impact is self-evident:
It is not only a revolution in mobile communication, but also a huge change in the infrastructure of the Internet of Everything.
According to the plan of the global standard-setting organization-3GPP, the commercialization and promotion of 5G in 2019 is mainly the result of the whereabouts of the Rel-15 standard.
Rel-16, which has reached a consensus, will be released shortly afterwards, and then it is under discussion and Rel-17 will also be released in 2020.
According to this rhythm, the commercialization of Rel-16 will be concentrated in 2020-2021, and the advancement of Rel-17 will explode in 2021.
And if the main application scenario of Rel-15 is a mobile phone.
Then Rel-16 will be reflected in the V2X aspect of the Internet of Vehicles.
Rel-17 is the Industrial Internet of Things.
Therefore, mobile phones may not be chased by Ali, but the Internet of Vehicles, V2X smart transportation infrastructure, industrial Internet of Things… a vast world and a huge amount of cakes, how can Ali be willing to let others divide?
So it’s no surprise to enter 5G.
What is smart is not “do or not”, but the moment when Ali sets the flag.
The moment when the curtain of new infrastructure is slowly opened.
Since 2020, there have been waves of discussions and voices surrounding “new infrastructure construction”, and the specific areas of development have also emerged.
According to CCTV reports, the development of infrastructure on the technological side will involve 7 major areas:
Intercity high-speed railway and intercity rail transit
New energy vehicle charging pile
Big data center
Among them, the foundation is mature and the first development is 5G infrastructure.
And in the application of 5G infrastructure, the industrial Internet, the Internet of Vehicles, the Internet of Things, enterprise cloud, artificial intelligence and telemedicine…all are where Ali’s accumulation and advantages lie.
It is also an important source of confidence for Ali to participate in the battle for 5G infrastructure.
Just a few days before the “new infrastructure” warm wind blows, Zhang Yong, chairman of Ali’s board of directors, also commented: Digital infrastructure construction is new infrastructure.
The implication is that the Ali economy, which has been planning for the construction of the digital economy all the year round, is naturally the meaning of the new infrastructure-it is an inescapable responsibility.
So today the XG laboratory of Ali Dharma Academy opened, and the first 5G shot was fired. It happened suddenly, but it was not unexpected.
It also makes people sigh that the reason why Ali is Ali lies not only in organization, but also in vision and judgment.
Compete for Huawei, Qualcomm
Although Ali is huge, it is not easy in the battle for new infrastructure, especially 5G.
On the one hand, the old rivals Baidu and Tencent are both eyeing on 5G, and they have launched the first stage of the competition with the “cloud + AI” approach. Whether it is industrial Internet, smart city, or smart transportation, the ultimate goal is I want to divide the cake from the construction of new infrastructure in the new era.
On the other hand, Ali will usher in tougher opponents: Huawei and Qualcomm.
This is not the object of competition in the Internet era. They have passed through several technological development cycles, and are still tough and powerful today, mastering the development of standards and the forefront of scientific research for new infrastructure such as 5G.
In fact, if you pay a little attention to the important new layouts of Ali and Huawei in the past two years, you will find that the two have already faced each other and Chen Bing millions.
Basic hardware such as chips is Huawei’s strengths, but Ali has launched a race through the Dharma Academy and Peace Chief.
Cloud computing and AI developer ecology are the fruits of Ali’s years of hard work, but Huawei Cloud and AI computing, developer plans, and smart city bidding are all entering the hinterland of Ali.
In terms of talents, it is even hotter.
Alibaba made cores from Huawei HiSilicon.
Huawei also prefers Arirang for cloud services and AI.
So this is not only a battle for new infrastructure, but also a battle for Tianwangshan in the field of China’s science and technology.
Who are you more optimistic about?