After Hongmeng, what is the most important task for Huawei?


The popularization of the Hongmeng system should be a highly probable event, because it is fundamentally different from all mobile operating systems that were crushed by Android and iOS before.

The lonely Huawei Hongmeng is not only the product of a series of crises such as passive response to strong external pressure and “Android cut-off”, it also carries Huawei’s ambition to switch from mobile to software and ecology, and to achieve the Internet of Everything.

Author | Fang Wen

Picture Source | Network

No operating system is always held by others

At present, there are three terminal operating systems that can be regarded as dominant in the world: the Windows system on the PC side, and the mobile phones Android and iOS.

The United States monopolizes almost all terminal operating systems in the world, and the authorization cards of these three systems can be used at our neck at any time.

China, as a country with an earlier development in the mobile internet market, has a considerable share of the mobile phone market in the world. Only the four “Hua, Mi, O, and V” companies account for more than 40% of the world’s mobile phone services. However, there is no mobile terminal system of its own in China.

Despite the fact that domestic mobile phone manufacturing is now in a leading position in the world, half of the market is covered, but in fact these are beach fortresses and upside-down logs.

Hongmeng’s past and present lives

The birth of Hongmeng came from Huawei’s extremely foresighted strategic layout and inherent sense of crisis. Huawei, which has experienced multiple supply crises, is good at preparing for the core technology.

As early as 2012, due to the scruples of cutting off system supply, Huawei began to deploy its own distributed operating system; on the other hand, China is facing the “stuck neck” problem in core technologies such as systems and chips. The operating system is also an urgent need of the times.

After Hongmeng, what is the most important task for Huawei?

After several years of attempts, the Hongmeng system officially launched its design in 2016, and it was not until 2017 that the Hongmeng kernel 1.0 completed the technical certification.

In 2019, Huawei passively encountered strong external pressure. One of the most serious challenges is the possibility of losing the right to use the Android system.

In fact, in May of the same year, Google has suspended business cooperation with Huawei mobile phones. Huawei can only continue to use the Android system through open source projects, which has a significant impact on its overseas markets.

On August 9, 2019, Huawei officially released the “Hongmeng Operating System” and announced that the “Hongmeng Operating System” will be open source.

On September 10, 2020, Huawei Hongmeng system was upgraded to version 2.0, namely HarmonyOS 2.0, and open source for 128KB-128MB terminal equipment. Yu Chengdong said that the beta version of Hongmeng 2.0 will be provided to developers in December 2020.

On December 16, 2020, Huawei officially released the HarmonyOS 2.0 mobile phone developer Beta version. Midea, Joyoung, Boss Electronics, and Puffin Technology are equipped with HarmonyOS.

In April 2021, a series of release preparations were intensively presented, and the application development online experience website was also launched at this time; the second round of public testing began in May.

On June 2, Huawei held the Hongmeng operating system and Huawei’s full-scene new product launch conference. It has been two years since Hongmeng made its debut in 2019, and the official version of Hongmeng’s world premiere has finally been released.

On June 3, Huawei has donated all the core infrastructure (Open Harmony) to the “Open Atom Open Source Foundation.” Each company can obtain the relevant code from this institution on an equal basis, and make products according to their own business needs.

After Hongmeng, what is the most important task for Huawei?

Realize the characteristics of a unified language across devices

①Software decoupling and flexible deployment: A set of codes can run on any smart device, allowing different devices to communicate seamlessly in the same language.

②Hardware mutual assistance and resource sharing: Each device equipped with HarmonyOS is not isolated, but can be seamlessly connected to become a super terminal; each device can become each other’s functional modules (such as: Display, sensor, camera, etc.) , Rather than just an independent device.

③Service atomization: HarmonyOS applications can decouple the smallest particles of business functions, and make service provision more efficient through installation-free and card-based interaction; and can be changed with the scene, combined on demand, and can be realized between different devices according to the scene. Divide, combine, circulate and distribute, and easily call different hardware capabilities in the equipment combination.

④One-time development, multi-terminal deployment: Application developers only need to write logic code based on HarmonyOS once, and then they can be deployed on various HarmonyOS terminals, greatly reducing development costs.

After Hongmeng, what is the most important task for Huawei?

The essential difference between Hongmeng and Android

The most significant difference between Hongmeng OS designed for the Internet of Things and iOS and Android is that it uses a micro-kernel design, which is different from the traditional macro-kernel.

It is equivalent to a “metaprogram”, which is to put all smart tools in a pool, and call different parts to use at any time according to needs. Hardware developers can choose which codes to use according to their own hardware computing power requirements.

Therefore, although they are all based on the Linux kernel, there are essential differences between Hongmeng OS and Android from the perspective of technology and design concepts.

In addition to the microkernel, “distributed” is the biggest original intention of Hongmeng system design, which helps Hongmeng cross the boundary of single hardware, and the interconnection of multiple hardware forms a “super terminal” under the same operating system.

Through the three basic capabilities of distributed software bus, distributed data management, and distributed task scheduling, the discovery and connection between different devices can be solved, the software and hardware capabilities of cross-devices can be integrated, and the transmission efficiency can be improved.

In use, compared with Android, HarmonyOS is compatible with Android applications, but GMS Core services cannot be used.

Coincidentally, a week before Huawei released the mobile version of Hongmeng, Google released the Internet of Things operating system Fuchsia. This operating system is positioned as Google’s Android in the Internet of Things era. It has formed a direct competitive relationship with Hongmeng.

After Hongmeng, what is the most important task for Huawei?

The choice between IoT system and mobile phone

According to public data, in the Chinese mainland market, Q1 mobile phone manufacturers’ shipment rankings in 2021 are vivo, OPPO, Huawei and Xiaomi in order.

In other words, what really determines the success of Hongmeng is Xiaomi, OPPO, and vivo, which have installed tens of millions of units. But among mobile phone manufacturers, only Meizu’s smart home series products are supported.

For other mobile phone manufacturers, Huawei is both a player and a referee, and it is difficult to accept such cooperation.

Although Apple has grasped both software and hardware, its operating system is not available to other manufacturers; Google does an open source operating system, but has given up on mobile phones.

For Hongmeng, although this is an operating system positioned in the Internet of Things, the sooner it wins over Huawei’s stock mobile phone users, the stronger the natural iteration ability, the greater the chance of winning.

Mobile phones are still the central core of all smart hardware. In all the ecological layouts of the Internet of Things, the priority of mobile phones is higher than other devices such as smart speakers, watches, and cars.

Mobile phones are the core of Hongmeng, and other IoT devices are also the key to Hongmeng’s opening up. After the mobile phone business was blocked, Huawei’s terminal business shifted its focus to the ecological chain, and recently released a number of new products.

After Hongmeng, what is the most important task for Huawei?

Ending: Solitary palms are difficult to call for open source co-construction

Android has about 20 million developers, Apple iOS has about 24 million, and Hongmeng is only in the millions. Compared with the former two, Hongmeng Open Platform is just a little baby who has just started to walk.

As a result of the collaborative thinking and consensus, Huawei basically determined its development path in the early stage of the Hongmeng project. Huawei has conducted many internal discussions on whether the Hongmeng system is open source, and the final decision is to open the source code.

The Hongmeng system has entered the early stage of large-scale push, and Huawei is still actively calling for the joint construction of the three-party mobile phone manufacturers to facilitate the landing of the Hongmeng system.

Subsequently, Huawei donated all the core infrastructure of Harmony OS to the “Open Atom Open Source Foundation.”

At present, Huawei has not received an effective response to the kind invitations issued by the three-party mobile phone manufacturers. From the standpoint of Huawei, Hongmeng is defined as an open source and open operating system, and it will inevitably invite three vendors to join in the joint construction. From the standpoint of Xiaomi OVs, there is a dilemma.

Part of the information reference: Mikuang Investment: “Hongmeng’s “Conspiracy”!”, where does the iron fist strike: “After Hongmeng, what is the most important task for Huawei?”, 24/7 information: “16%: The key battle of Hongmeng”, Yu Sanjia: “Can Hongmeng, which “connects” everything, save Huawei’s mobile phones”, Caijing Eleven: “Can Hongmeng take the third path of the operating system?

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